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>> this is "bbc world news america." it has not happened since the middle ages, 85 years old and frail, pope benedict announces that he will resign at the end of this month. >> you are joking. the pope? oh, my god. >> who will lead the catholic church next and what continent will he come from? we wait for the white smoke to rebuild the succession. with the economy at the forefront, what should we be listening for? we asked one of the top leaders. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. joseph is 85 years old and his
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health is failing. in any other profession, at his resignation would come at no surprise at all. it's as the leader of the catholic church, it is no surprise at all. pope benedict xvi announced that he will resign at the end of february. he is the first pope to do so in 600 years. >> it was during a routine meeting with vatican card bills that pope benedict did something that no pontiff had done in nearly 600 years. he announced his resignation and stunned his audience. he said that i have come to the certainty that my strengths, in due to an advanced age, are no longer suited to an adequate execution of saint peter's ministry. pope benedict said the strength
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of mind and body are necessary. strength in that in the last few months had deteriorated to the point where he doubted he could carry out his duties. only yesterday pope had spoken to sunday audience in st. peter's square. the vatican said that there was no specific medical issue making can step down. the pope said that he did not have the stamina to continue. >> i am very disappointed and in shock about what happened this morning. >> it is a great act of courage to do what has not been done in 600 years. >> 1 cardinal feels it is a liberating act for the church. no future pope will feel like they have to stay on until death. >> we had a warning from the pope about this and we did not pay attention.
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the pope said that there are circumstances under which a pope can resign and certain circumstances under which a pope should resign. among his closest friends including his brother, it had been thought about for a few months. he could not do further difficult transatlantic trips. to night, at a mass in the center of rome, there was an awareness that this was a historic moment for the catholic church. it was a sign of humility and great courage and said this man. while the timing shocked many catholics across the world, many came to the conclusion that the decision was the right one. >> it is a decision of great
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courage and great integrity. a decision which illustrates his humility. it he has never been pushing himself forward. he has always wanted to move as ard in his worlrole teacher of christ. >> he urged the u.k. to a recessed aggressive forms of secularism. his work to tirelessly strengthen breton's relations with the holy city. he is remembered with great respect and affection. the pope's message of working for the common good is something that spoke to the whole country. >> the cardinals recognize that this was a momentous decision for pope benedict. in two weeks' time, he will no longer be pope. another pope will be slected.
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>> when pope benedict took office in 2005, he was 78 years old. he was the oldest pontiff elected in three centuries. our religious correspondent has this report. >> benedict became the church's leader, already an elderly and frail man. he was seen as a caretaker, but nothing prepared roman catholics for his decision to step down. >> this has taken the world by surprise. >> catholics attending services were shocked by the news. >> you are joking. the pope? oh, my god. >> i'm so shocked. he has been such a short time
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with us. >> joseph was born into a catholic family in germany and was forced into the hitler youth. he was brought up as a theologian. he became more conservative in the 1960's. it was as a traditionalist that he became the doctrinal watchdog for john paul ii. the people who met the pope said that he was shy and charming. his most important writings dealt with things such as the importance of love. >> he is the most intelligent, intelligent,pope we have had in years. his sermons and harmonies are beautiful. >> he warned that excluding christianity from national debate could be harmful for democracy. by the time pope benedict came
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to westminster cathedral, he renewed respect for his argument that religion should stay at the heart of public life. over the last few years, catholicism has grown in the developing world. in its birthplace of europe, he has found the tides of secularism, all but impossible to stem. the pope defended moslems by quoting historical criticisms of it is lomb. -- islam. he has faced criticism over the handling of the sexual abuse crisis. he has been accused of doing too little to prevent abuse by priests. >> there is a suspicion that
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they were being shielded by j.p. ii rather than by him. >> he hoped he could build up a struggle church, but in seven years, there was little that he could do. >> for more on what this means, i enjoined by the professor at the catholic university of america. thank you for coming in. were you surprised by this announcement? >> in one sense, yes, because popes do not do this. in another sense, no. pope benedict is a very humble man and realistic man. the job requires energies of mind and body that he no longer has. he has felt free to step down. it is the end of an era, it is
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the beginning of another. it is the end of the popes that are very closely involved with the vatican council. he opens the way for future popes to retire the way he has done. >> he described himself as a transitional figure, a caretaker for the catholic church. >> i think that pope benedict have the very difficult task of moving the church for word from the enormously impressive pontificate of pope john paul. it was very difficult to imagine another pope after pope john paul. they needed somebody to be different. i think he have the strength and the character to do that. >> he certainly have the intellect. the catholic church is declining in numbers in europe and america.
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it is growing in africa and latin america. is it time for a pontiff from outside europe? >> it is certainly possible. just before being elected pope, he thought that the time might be drawing close for a pulp from another part of the world. i would say possible. there are strong european candidates. the college of cardenals is an immense group of talent. there are strong candidates from south america, africa, and the far east. pope benedict has given us a great legacy of courage preaching the gospel. just last week he was speaking at one of the seminary's in rome. he warned students against a false optimism. the idea that everything is right with the church. he said, no, there is sin.
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he also warned against a false pessimism, that christianity is dying. he said that the church is always renewing itself with the grace of god. he said that the future is ours. >> the catholic church looks forward to the succession plan. do you have anybody in mind? >> the cardinal of milan would be a strong candidate. there would be another strong european candidate that was very important in for developing the catechism. we might have another from africa. the most recent lee appointed of the cardenals from the philippines. >> thank you very much for coming in imagine buying frozen hamburgers and later discovering that the patty's you assumed were beef or actually brown horse meat. that is the reality facing
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consumers in britain and other european countries. a scandal involving horse meat from romania is spreading across the continent. the romanian says that the horse meat leaving their countries has not been incorrect big -- incorrectly labeled. >> the rural poverty of romania, where the horses still most -- do most of the hauling and plowing. new laws banning the horse from the highways, many more are being sold for slaughter. competitive prices for beef has become a cheaper alternative. not that they eat it. this is one bank of the two romanian farms that have been investigated. suggestions that the horse meat was mislabeled as before brought a sharp reaction from the romanian prime minister.
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>> once again, the more powerful are shifting the blame to the usual suspects in europe. it does not that simple. the meat from romania went through two agents and several countries before it arrived in southeastern france. it supplied a plant in luxembourg. one of them was findus, who discovered that their lasagna contained 60% horse meat. throughout the weekend, the ministry has been checking the documents dating back to the beginning of 2012. there were unofficial spot checks. every shipment was labeled an unverified according to quantity. that is exactly what they should be.
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officials pay for labels from stable to table. >> ingredients were sourced from the four corners of the earth. they are bought purely on economics. >> the french government summoned the industry to a crisis meeting of fraud investigators descended on the two french companies involved. somebody in the convoluted chain of supply has made a huge profits. how long has this been going on? >> that piece makes me queasy everytime i see it. but at a look at other news. malian troops have taken control of the northern city and they are doing house-to-house searches for islamist militants. there are fears that some of the fighters could be hiding among the population.
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but tens were originally driven out two weeks ago in the offensive by french andmalian troops. do stay with us. last night, the world's biggest music stars were out in force for the grammy awards. mumford and sons walked away with a problem of the year. there were a lot of memorable performances. >> it is the record industry's biggest night of the year. >> taking away all six of the grammys she was nominated for. this was a much more open thing. the new, young, hipsters dominating. the word was authenticity rather than finely polished pop.
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>> welcome to the greatest music show on earth, the grammy awards. >> taylor swift open the show. adele won the battle of the divas. >> we worked so hard. to make it look so easy. see you later. >> it was the old with the new. joining bruno mars on stage in a night that also featured on an john. justin timber like was also behind the mic after a long time away making movies. d brought home song of the gear. the most prized grammy of the night went to british band mumford and sons.
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a great night of old faces, new names, and big stars. a little bit of everything and a great show. >> president obama will use his state of the union address tomorrow night to say that creating jobs for american workers is a priority in his second term. just how he intends to do that is of particular interest to business leaders. it is something that bill knows a lot about. he spent 40 years at the top of one of the largest hotel empires. it is called "without reservations." >> just at the end of last year we saw that the u.s. economy was starting to slow down again.
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from your perspective, how do you see the state of the american economy? >> it is still uncertain. we really need to get the economy growing. the only way to get jobs is to add and grow the economy. the economy will not grow as long as government intrudes and tells us what to do. there is a lot of shore that we would like to bring back. the tax coming back on that money is way too high. >> we know that jobs and growth will be a big part of the state of the union address tomorrow night. the new ceo has been down at the white house talking to the president. >> he is going to really focus on growth of the economy. the only way to get jobs back into this economy, we are barely breaking even on jobs. we have got to create at least
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100,000 jobs a year to keep up with the growth in the population. we are pushing very hard to push the visa waivers. we would love to have that for brazil. they would absolutely love to come to america. >> along side with that, would you like to have comprehensive immigration reform? >> i think that is very important. we need to get that off the table. we are in favor of border security. we would like these people to become legal. they are going to have to pay for it. they will probably have to pay some fines. they need to get there and we need to have a way for them to get there. >> you were head of marriott for four decades. if you were starting out a global hotel chain today, is there anything you would do differently?
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>> when i joined the company almost 57 years ago, we had one hotel. we were just opening heart first hotel. we have been in the pressure of business for 30 years. i was involved with that. we put in a standard operating procedures are the on which meant that we had consistency in product. we learned that in the restaurant business. you have standards and you have to follow them. the most important thing is to take care of the people. you take care of the employees and they will take care of the guests. >> 300,000 employees at marriott around the world. is there one country or one hotel that is doing particularly well that might surprise our viewers? >> we were the first to open in warsaw before the iron curtain came down. we went in there and we hired several people that had never
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worked in hotels. it's been opened a spectacular hotel. the hotel had the best phone system in all of poland. we were off to a tremendous start. it was a mind-boggling thing for us. >> thank you very much for coming. is it climbing everest, going through the amazon or sleeping in the sahara? what is it that you have always dreamed of doing? not to people who ever dreamt it, but actually done it. we start our big dream series. >> my name is jason lewis and i am the first person to circumnavigate the world using just human power. people have road across oceans and bicycled across continents, but nobody connected a
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continuous journey all the way across the world using only their own body. it took me 13 years. we would bicycle across the continent had walked across the oceans we would use a specially designed paddle boat. we would tie act. and the means of non-motorized or wind-assisted transport. we struck out into the atlantic on this tiny little boat. the support boat with land beneath the horizons. only then did i really appreciate what i had got myself into. 5,000 miles, it tucked 111 days, 3 months. it does take a tremendous amount of effort not only to get a
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dream off the ground, but keep going. i was run over by an 82-year-old drunk driver. that was a huge trip ender there. it is important to finish what you start. the more i got into this and the more people that got behind it, we have hundreds of schools falling behind. it became almost like a part of me. it seemed important to finish it. one of the most important parts of the expeditions is peddling on the spot. i would find out that i was back where i started from. after a day of this, i was pretty depressed. after a week, i was tearing my hair out. after 2.5 weeks, i just curled up and gave up.
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i just felt like i could not keep peddling when i was not going anywhere. we pedaled in there. the locals came out in dugout canoes. it was a completely unique experience. where is the engine? we lifted up the pedal unit. it is a bicycle. pretty much anyone could do this trip. it was just so beautifully simple. it was one of those adventures and journeys that had to be done. >> at possibly crazy. thank you so much for watching. >> of funding of this presentation was made possible
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by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. union bank, fidelity investments, and sony pictures classics. >> has your life and career change? fidelity is there for your personal economy. helping you readjust your retirement plan along the way. rethink how you are invested and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a range of choices that will fine-tune your economy. we will make it easy.
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>> "amore," rated pg 13.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: pope benedict xvi will step down at the end of february, becoming the first pontiff to resign in 600 years. good evening. i'm judy woodruff.
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>> suarez: and i'm ray suarez. on the newshour tonight, we have the latest on the surprise announcement, and we assess benedict's legacy and the challenges ahead for the catholic church. >> woodruff: then we get an update on the search for the fugitive police officer wanted for murder from los angeles mayor antonio villaraigosa. >> suarez: elizabeth brackett of wttw-chicago has the story of a dramatic drop in the water level of lake michigan, endangering the economies of towns along the shore. >> if i had been walking along this beach in 1984, the water would have been almost a foot over my head. >> woodruff: on the daily download, christina bellantoni examines what it means to "like" someone-- or something-- on facebook. >> suarez: and jeffrey brown talks with novelist brad meltzer about his new book, writing thrillers, and his research into presidential assassins. >> if you look at all the people, they have almost nothing in common. it's every age range and socioeconomic range. look at the four who have successfully done it and the overlap starts getting a little
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